JUULing or E-Cigarettes
What Parents Need to Know about JUULing
Youth are using these devices at epidemic levels. The use of these devices has doubled over the last 2 years.
JUUL is a type of electronic cigarette that uses nicotine salts instead of VAPE liquid. The nicotine salts are in what is called a POD. The POD can contain different flavoring along with nicotine. The JUUL does not have the big plume of smoke that you sometimes see people exhale from a regular e-cigarette device or even combustible cigarette. That means that these tiny devices are easy to hide and easy to use without detection at schools or at home. You may never become aware that you child is using the device. That is why it is so important to talk to your child about the devices, educate them on what is in them, and how nicotine and other chemicals can affect their health.
The Facts about JUULing/vaping:
Exposure to nicotine is worrisome in teens and young adults because nicotine can be highly addictive. Due to the fact that the brain is undergoing massive changes during the teen years, nicotine use may rewire the brain, making it easier to get hooked on other substances and contribute to problems with concentration, learning and impulse control.
Most vape devices release a number of potentially toxic substances, although exposure is lower than those found in regular cigarettes.
Dependence develops when the body adapts to repeated exposure to vaping. When a person stops vaping, he or she can experience withdrawal symptoms, although likely not as intense as with conventional cigarettes.
Vaping may be increasing risks of smoking. Teens and young adults who vape are almost four times as likely as their non-vaping peers to begin smoking cigarettes.
Injuries and poisonings have resulted from devices exploding and direct exposure to e-liquids.
Long-term studies are needed to evaluate the risks of cancer and respiratory illness, though there is some concern that vaping can cause coughing and wheezing and may exacerbate asthma.
Credit Partnership for Drug Free Kids
A committee of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine just released a comprehensive review of more than 800 peer reviewed studies about the human health effects of e-cigarettes. Specific conclusions reached by the committee include:
- There is conclusive evidence that exposure to nicotine from e-cigarettes is highly variable and depends on the characteristics of the device and the e-liquid, as well as on how the device is operated.
- There is substantial evidence that nicotine intake from e-cigarettes among experienced adult e-cigarette users can be comparable to that from conventional cigarettes.
- There is substantial evidence that e-cigarette use results in symptoms of dependence on e-cigarettes.
- There is moderate evidence that risk and severity of dependence is lower for e-cigarettes than for conventional cigarettes.
- There is substantial evidence that e-cigarette use by youth and young adults increases their risk of ever using conventional cigarettes.
E-Cigarettes have ingredients that have led to important questions about their short and long term health consequences for those who use them and bystanders. Due to the lack of regulation from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) the amount of nicotine contained in the e-cigarettes is uncertain.
Current research shows that:
- Nicotine from e-cigarettes is absorbed by users and bystanders.
- Nicotine is highly addictive.
- Nicotine is especially a health danger to youth who use e-cigarettes. It may have long-term, negative effects on brain development and growth.
- Nicotine is a health danger for pregnant women and their developing babies. Using an e-cigarette and even being around someone else using an e-cigarette can expose pregnant women to nicotine and other chemicals that may be toxic.
- E-cigarette aerosol is not "water vapor." It contains nicotine and can contain other chemicals. It is not as safe as clean air.
- The nicotine solution in e-cigarettes is not harmless “juice.” Children and adults have been poisoned by swallowing, breathing, or absorbing the liquid through their skin or eyes.
- Additional chemicals that are harmful or may be harmful have been found in some e-cigarettes. These substances include traces of metal, volatile organic compounds, and nitrosamines. The levels tend to be lower than in regular cigarettes, but there's no way to know what you're getting because e-cigarettes are not yet regulated.
Information taken from CDC website: https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/campaign/tips/diseases/dual-tobacco-use.html