Articles/Research

August 6, 2013
Smoking Ban Tilts Odds Against Ambulance Calls From Casinos

September 6, 2012
Nicotine Patch and Prescription Drugs Help With Quitting Smoking, Study Finds

June 21, 2012
Philip Morris Says It Will Sell Cigarette With Lower Health Risks by 2017

February 7, 2012

January 20, 2012
Dissolvable Tobacco Products Draw FDA Scrutiny

December 1, 2011
The Results are In: Chewing Tobacco Not Allowed by Major League Baseball Players

November 29, 2011
Treating Smoking Like a Chronic Disease Improves Quit Rates

November 18, 2011
Recent Trends in Menthol Cigarette Use
The NSDUH Report

November 3, 2011
NIDA Study Examines Nicotine as a Gateway Drug

September 6, 2011
Children Living With Smokers Miss More School Due to Illness 
By Join Together Staff

August 16, 2011
As More Women Smoke, Their Risk of Bladder Cancer Grows
Cigarette smoking is the main cause of bladder cancer; women are just as vulnerable as men...

August 11, 2011
Among Smokers, Women More Likely to Develop Heart Disease Than Men


August 8, 2011
Smoking Cessation: Casual smoking on the rise in youth
While heavy smoking is on the decline in US youth, casual smoking has risen from 67% in 1991 to 79% in 2009. Heavy smoking is defined as 11 or more per day, while one to five cigarettes are considered light smoking.

August 8, 2011
Early Morning Smokers Are More Addicted And At Greater Risk Of Cancer
"What's interesting is that the studies show that if people are more addicted then they're at a greater risk of cancer, but that relationship is independent of how much people smoke," John Richie, a professor of public health sciences and pharmacology at Penn State and a study author, tells Shots. "Addiction is still not very well understood, and some smokers are clearly at much greater risk of cancer than others simply based on their addiction."

August 4, 2011
Study Identifies Barriers to Implementing Local Tobacco Policies
The researchers found that political polarization, local political orientation and organizational barriers presented the greatest challenges to California Tobacco Control Program projects.

More on the study and how local anti-drug coalitions can use the data to inform their efforts appears in the July/August 2011 issue of Research into Action.Download the PDF version of this publication or view this issue or previous issues on CADCA's web site.
  
July 27, 2011
Anti-Smoking Group Objects to Marketing of “Eco-Friendly” Cigarettes
by Join Together Staff

Vince Willmore, of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, called the ad “egregious.” “It’s trying to greenwash a deadly and addictive product. When you hear a product is eco-friendly, you think it’s better for you.”
By Join Together Staff

Children who breathe in secondhand smoke at home are more likely to develop attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), learning disorders and other behavior problems, compared with children who grow up in smoke-free homes, a new study suggests.

July 5, 2011
Calls to National Smokers Quit Line Jump After New Cigarette Labels Introduced
By Join Together Staff

USA Today reports that the 1-800-QUIT-NOW line received more than 4,800 calls the Tuesday the labels were introduced. On a typical Tuesday in June, the quit line receives about 2,000 calls.

The warning labels will carry graphic images of the consequences of smoking, including diseased lungs and rotting teeth, and will include the quit line number. They will replace the traditional “Surgeon General’s Warning.”
by Pat Wechsler (Bloomberg Businessweek)

Smokers are among the most prominent workers with high medical costs, so some companies are imposing insurance surcharges on them

Mar 16, 2011
Heavy Smoking is Fast Becoming History
Heavy smoking (defined by these researchers as a pack a day) and even moderate smoking (say, 10 cigarettes a day) has decreased in states coast to coast. Researchers at the University of California, San Diego analyzed major national surveys conducted since 1965 in California and the United States. They tracked trends of heavy and moderate smoking. In California, they found that heavy smoking dropped from 65 percent of all smokers in 1965 to 23 percent of all smokers in 2007. And nationwide, heavy smoking went down to 40 percent of all smokers. [More...]

March 10, 2011
Racial and ethnic minorities are more likely to be light smokers, but light smokers may have just as difficult a time as heavy smokers when trying to quit. [More...]

Mar 3, 2011
Gender Gap Also Extends to Smoking
In countries like Australia, Canada, Sweden and the U.S., where women have made great strides toward gender equality, the unfortunate side effect is a parity of a different kind: women smoke almost as much as men do.

The study, published recently in the bulletin of the World Health Organization, was the first to compare female empowerment and smoking rates. Going forward, the authors suggest, rates of smoking in women are expected to rise in poor countries, closing the gender gap. [More....]

Feb 16, 2011
More Employers Saying Smokers Need Not Apply
An increasing number of hospitals and medical businesses are making tobacco use a reason to reject job applicants -- or fire existing employees, The New York Times reported Feb. 10. [More...]

Feb 15, 2011 
Studies: E-Cigarettes Popular, May Be Effective at Helping Smokers Quit

Research Summary 

A new research study from Boston University suggests that electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) may be more effective at helping smokers quit than nicotine patches or gum, TIME magazine reported Feb. 10.
[More...]

Jan 26, 2011
Past Smoking And Current Obesity Hurt Americans' Longevity
Americans' passion for smoking decades ago is cutting lives short now, according to a report from the National Research Council released Tuesday.

Yes, it's true, the researchers note, that Americans are living longer than they used to. The problem is that for the last 25 years our lifespans haven't grown nearly as fast as those for citizens of other wealthy countries. [More...]

Jan 20, 2011
Cigarette Smoke Ignites Bad Health in Minutes
New research highlighting the devastating effects of smoking, points out that tobacco smoke causes genetic damage within minutes, Medical News Today reports.

Lead author Stephen S. Hecht, from the Masonic Cancer Center and department of pharmacology at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis stated in its study abstract, “It is the first to investigate human metabolism of a PAH specifically delivered by inhalation in cigarette smoke, without interference by other sources of exposure such as air pollution or the diet. The results reported here should serve as a stark warning to those who are considering starting to smoke cigarettes.”
[More...]

Jan 19, 2011
New research indicates smoking-cessation drugs may work by changing the way our brains react to seeing others smoke, HealthDay News reported Jan. 3. [More...]

Jan 7, 2011
FDA to Require Reviews of New Tobacco Products
Public comments about the new regulations can be left by visitingwww.regulations.gov, entering FDA-2010-N-0646 into the search box, and following the prompts on the screen. [More...]

Jan 5, 2011
More on Third Hand Smoke
Although the homes had been thoroughly cleaned, including painting and carpet replacement in many cases, nonsmokers living in the homes of former smokers had seven to eight times more nicotine on their fingertips than those who moved into nonsmoker homes, and urine cotinine levels were three to five times higher in their children.

Overall, air and surface nicotine was 30 to 150 times higher in the homes formerly occupied by smokers compared with homes formerly occupied by nonsmokers. [More...]

Dec 29, 2010
Smokers' Former Homes May be Toxic to New Residents
Researchers at San Diego State University found that "third-hand smoke" was found on surfaces even after the homes had been vacant for two months and cleaned and repainted.

"We found that third-hand smoke is trapped on surfaces like walls and ceilings and in household dust and carpets left over by previous residents," study author Georg Matt, a psychology professor at the university said in a university news release. [more...]

Dec 22, 2010
Study Finds E-Cigarettes 'Much Safer' Than Conventional Cigarettes
According to Dr. Michael Siegal's (Boston University) findings, electronic cigarettes were 1,000 times less carcinogenic than tobacco cigarettes and effectively reduced the urge to light up by simulating actual smoking, which has been shown to help people kick the habit. [More...]

Dec 21, 2010
'Healthy People 2020' Calls for State Medicaid Coverage of Smoking Cessation Tools 
The latest 10-year plan for improving the nation's health suggests that the U.S. smoking rate can decline from 21 percent to 12 percent through more workplace smoking bans and more insurance coverage of smoking cessation treatments, the Associated Press reported Dec. 2. [More...]

Dec 9, 2010
Even Occasional Exposure to Tobacco Smoke Causes Immediate Damage, New Report Finds

The 700-page report, “A Report of the Surgeon General: How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease-The Biology and Behavioral Basis for Smoking,” finds that cellular damage and tissue inflammation from tobacco smoke are immediate, and that repeated exposure weakens the body’s ability to heal the damage. [more...]

Nov 16, 2010

'Why to Quit' Smoking Ads Most Effective
JoinTogether.org
Smokers report that they find ads that focus on "why to quit" -- using graphic images or testimonials that evoke emotional response -- more effective than others, according to a study by researchers at RTI International and Cornell University, HealthDay reported Nov. 12.

Responses to a web survey indicated that ads that used personal testimonials or graphic images and answered the question of why to quit were more effective than ads that focused on how to quit, or ads that criticized the tobacco industry. (more...)

Nov 10, 2010
Federal Government Announces New Tobacco Control Strategy
CADCA Resources and Research
Health and Human Services new strategic action plan will have prominent and graphic warnings on cigarette packages and advertising.

More at  The Beginning of the End of the Tobacco Epidemic

Oct 14, 2010
Study Finds Plain Tobacco Packs Discourage Teen Smoking
CADCA Resources and Research

According to a new study presented at an international conference in Sydney, Australia, plain packaging of tobacco may discourage teens from smoking.

Plain packs increase attention to the graphic warnings; increase overall perceptions of smoking harm; and reduce the social appeal of smoking.

"This suggests that the combination of graphic warning labels and plain cigarette packaging would send a clear and consistent message about the harm and unacceptability of cigarette smoking and therefore, has the potential to further reduce smoking uptake among adolescents,” University of Auckland lead author Lisa Webb said about their research.

Oct 06, 2010
Pediatricians Say Ads for Alcohol, Tobacco and Prescription Drugs Hurt Youth
CADCA Resources and Research

The American Academy of Pediatrics has called for an end to all tobacco ads, limits on alcohol and prescription drug ads, and for the entertainment industry to stop glamorizing smoking and drinking, Join Together reported. 

The AAP said that restrictions on advertising could help reduce adolescent substance abuse. In a policy statement, the AAP said companies spend about $25 billion a year on ads for alcohol, tobacco, and prescription drugs. They cited research indicating that advertising is responsible for up to 30 percent of alcohol and drug use by teens. 

Pediatricians said they are concerned because more than 400,000 people die from tobacco-related illnesses every year in the United States, and over 100,000 die because of “excessive alcohol consumption,” including about 5,000 younger than 21. Their statement cited 51 research studies showing teens exposed to tobacco marketing are more than twice as likely to smoke. Other research showed a correlation between exposure to alcohol ads and drinking by adolescents and young adults. 

The pediatricians also criticized the frequency with which smoking and drinking are shown on television and in the movies where children and teens can see it. They cited studies showing that exposure to smoking and drinking in the movies is a powerful factor in why teens initiate use. Their statement said all of the top 15 teen-oriented shows contain alcohol ads.

The statement concluded with 17 recommendations including: pediatricians should ask about media exposure during children’s routine health checkups; schools should educate all students in media literacy; and the entertainment industry should acknowledge and address the health impact of TV shows and movies on teens and children. 

The AAP policy statement, "Children, Adolescents, Substance Abuse, and the Media" was published in the October issue of the journal Pediatrics.
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